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You want to grow tomatoes, but you only have one balcony or a terrace and you think that's impossible? Think again !
Even if it takes a little more care than in the ground, grow potted tomatoes or by ferry is quite possible.
If you are just starting out, start with cherry tomatoes, which are easier to grow.
1. Select the right pot
The cut the container that will receive the tomato plant is important. Indeed, whether it is a pot or a container, it must be sufficiently large (and deep) to allow the plant to grow in good conditions. A height of 30 cm is the minimum recommended.
The material Who makes up the pot or bin is also important. Thus, terracotta pots are porous and therefore tend to lose moisture from the soil they contain. Watering then becomes more frequent in the event of hot weather.
You will also need to stake the tomatoes.
2. Choose the right substrate
For grow potted tomatoes, you must provide them with a rich and fertile substrate. To do this, follow these 3 steps:
- Drop a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot (5 cm).
- If you have garden soil, mix it with potting soil and fill 2/3 of the jar. Otherwise, use only potting soil.
- Complete with manure well decomposed or compost.
To improve drainage, incorporate vermiculite (commercially available as perlite) or pozzolana into the substrate. These will help retain moisture in the soil while allowing good water circulation.
3. Add fertilizer
The tomato is a greedy plant and, despite your efforts to create the best possible substrate, it will need a boost. Also, when watering, do not hesitate to add a littlefertilizer to your tomatoes.
The important thing is not the quantity, but the frequency (every 15 days for example). Allow the plant time to absorb what you give it.
4. Monitor watering
When growing potted plants, thewatering is still problematic. Tomatoes are no exception. So, to avoid unpleasant surprises:
- regularly monitor the humidity of the soil; without being soggy, it should always be wet.
- Think of mulch the surface of the pot to maintain freshness.
Plan a saucer to install under the pot. This way, your tomato plant will always have a reserve of water when needed.
5. Cut off excess leaves
Plants lose water through stomata of their leaves. This phenomenon is called theevapotranspiration.
In order to successfully grow potted tomatoes, your role will be to find the subtle balance between leaving enough leaves for the good health of the plant and eliminating the others that waste precious liquid resources (often called "greedy »).
Learn more :
- Growing tomatoes well
- Cherry tomato: cultivation and maintenance
- Tomatoes without diseases
- Tomato recipe ideas